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Fullbright co-founders Steve Gaynor accused of worker mistreatment


Fullbright co-founder Steve Gaynor, identified for his work on Gone Dwelling and Tacoma, has stepped down from his function as artistic lead on Open Roads following a number of allegations relating to his remedy of Fullbright workers.

Growth on Open Roads, which was introduced in December 2020 and anticipated to star Keri Russell (The People) and Kaitlyn Dever (Booksmart), is delayed. Fifteen staff left the studio since improvement on Open Roads started in 2019; round six workers members stay. Talking with Polygon, 12 former staff mentioned their departure was at the very least partially as a consequence of Gaynor’s habits towards employees, particularly ladies on the group. At the very least 10 of the workers who left since Open Roads manufacturing started have been ladies.

A number of former staff, who spoke with Polygon anonymously out of concern of retaliation, described the Fullbright work setting as “controlling,” a spot during which staffers felt undermined and demeaned by Gaynor. Due to Gaynor’s standing because the co-founder of a beloved indie darling, some former staff say they have been apprehensive about being blacklisted from the trade — although some ended up leaving the trade completely, anyway. These former staff mentioned they didn’t expertise or witness sexual harassment or specific sexism; as an alternative, they mentioned, the studio’s poisonous tradition hid behind the veneer of inclusivity, as ladies have been allegedly repeatedly damaged down by microaggressions.

A Fullbright consultant confirmed to Polygon that Gaynor stepped down in March as a result of “sample of girls leaving” the corporate. “Steve stepped down in March 2021 after it turned clear that the steps that have been already being taken to enhance his interactions with the group have been solely yielding momentary outcomes,” the consultant mentioned. “Extra drastic motion was wanted for the well being of the group.”

The consultant additionally famous that “Annapurna is conscious of the scenario at Fullbright and has been instrumental in serving to the Open Roads group make adjustments to its construction.” A consultant for Annapurna advised Polygon it helps the Open Roads group. Following the publication of this story, Gaynor issued an announcement to Polygon.

Hello all. I’ve an announcement to share about my function at Fullbright.

Earlier this yr, I stepped again from my function as artistic lead on Open Roads. My management model was hurtful to those who labored at Fullbright, and for that I actually apologize.

Stepping again has given me area and perspective to see how my function wants to vary and the way I have to study and enhance as a part of a group, together with working with an skilled administration guide, and rethinking my relationship to the work at Fullbright.

I care deeply about Open Roads and the Fullbright group. I’m unhappy to have stepped again from day-to-day improvement of Open Roads, nevertheless it’s been the fitting factor to do. The Open Roads group has my full religion and assist as they create the sport to completion.

Fulbright has at all times been a small impartial studio. Simply 4 folks — three of which have been studio co-founders — created Gone Dwelling (2013), a BAFTA award-winning narrative recreation that influenced the trade. For the studio’s subsequent recreation, Tacoma (2017), the variety of staffers elevated by greater than double. Following the success of those two video games, Fullbright continued to develop, taking up extra staff and contractors.

Within the improvement of Open Roads, Fullbright partnered with writer Annapurna Interactive, which supplied full funding and extra assist workers. The variety of core Fullbright staff remained underneath 20 at any given time. Former staff described the studio at the moment as close-knit and supportive of one another. They took satisfaction in creating video games that resonated with marginalized folks, like Gone Dwelling, a coming-of-age story a few teenage lesbian. However on the identical time, former staff say additionally they felt stifled by Gaynor’s “controlling” and “demeaning presence” — somebody who allegedly noticed Open Roads not because the group’s recreation, however as his recreation. That Gaynor, himself, was Fullbright.

On Twitter, at the very least, Gaynor “was” Fullbright for fairly a while: He held the @Fullbright Twitter account as his private deal with for over a decade. When he stepped down from his place as artistic lead, sources mentioned he was required to vary his Twitter account to @SteveGaynorPDX. The @Fullbright account now serves as a placeholder, and the studio now makes use of @FullbrightGames for official updates. A Fullbright consultant confirmed to Polygon that “staff have been uncomfortable with the official Fullbright account doubling as Steve’s private Twitter account.”

Ladies in management positions advised Polygon that they skilled fixed micromanagement that made it troublesome for them to do their jobs, having to get even the smallest particulars accredited by Gaynor. This was compounded, they mentioned, by Gaynor’s tendency to disparage and discredit the contributions of feminine staffers specifically, oftentimes on to management. A number of the former feminine staffers mentioned they typically apprehensive about how Gaynor characterised them to different staff.

“That is going to sound like a joke, however I’m fully critical: Working for him typically felt like working for a highschool imply woman,” one former worker in a management place advised Polygon. “His go-to weapon was to snort at folks’s opinions and embarrass them in entrance of different folks.”

Six different former staff corroborated this characterization.

Workers advised Polygon that that they had needed to report Gaynor’s habits however had no precise course of to take action. The corporate had no devoted human useful resource staff, aside from the occasional third-party guide. “There’s no infrastructure to escalate,” a former worker mentioned. A number of former staff mentioned they confronted Gaynor straight whereas they have been nonetheless employed at Fullbright, telling him their considerations about how they consider his habits negatively impacted the workers.

One former worker mentioned she approached Gaynor after studying a report relating to Season developer Scavengers Studio. She advised Polygon she noticed similarities between Scavenger Studio artistic director Simon Darveau and Gaynor. (Whereas the allegations relating to Darveau embrace sexual harassment and groping, no claims of bodily conduct have been made in opposition to Gaynor.) The previous worker mentioned she warned Gaynor {that a} comparable report might ultimately floor about him.

“[The team was] already in session coaching for communication for the group as a consequence of [another former employee] quitting due to him,” she mentioned. “And I advised him, I’ve these considerations. Once I learn this text, I noticed loads of parallels. Not one-to-one, however loads of parallels.”

She mentioned she advised Gaynor that she was struggling to decide to Open Roads as a result of she was apprehensive the sport can be canceled if an article got here out about him. “I did anticipate it to be an emotional dialogue,” she advised Polygon. “I don’t assume that’s one thing anybody ever desires to listen to.”

Gaynor advised her that writer Annapurna got here to him to ask about Fullbright’s attrition drawback — notably, that ladies have been leaving the corporate on what appeared like a month-to-month foundation. The following day, the worker who had approached Gaynor mentioned he despatched her with a hyperlink to a Wikipedia article on “availability heuristics.” On Wikipedia, availability heuristics is described as “a psychological shortcut that depends on instant examples that come to thoughts when evaluating a particular subject, idea, methodology or resolution.”

“He despatched me the hyperlink […] to elucidate to me that when there’s a shark assault on the information, folks begin to get extra scared that they may get attacked by a shark,” she mentioned. “So I wasn’t really legitimate in worrying that we might have an article about his habits.” She reported this interplay to the guide, who reportedly mentioned that Steve’s affect didn’t match his intent.

Gone Home

A household portrait from Gone Dwelling
Picture: Fullbright

Workers discovered different methods to lift these considerations. A number of left nameless digital Put up-It notes on the corporate server as a part of a “group constructing train” in late 2020, helmed by a third-party guide to assist communication on the group. “This dash marks the 4th lady to depart Fullbright within the final yr,” one worker wrote. “How can we guarantee we’re creating an setting that ends in ladies feeling revered. HR, accountability, coaching, one thing wants to vary. All of us have a component to play in making a protected working setting, change doesn’t occur with out discomfort.”

Different staff used exit interviews to report the studio tradition that they mentioned Gaynor perpetuated. (Exit interviews have been performed as a sequence of questions despatched to departing workers, reviewed by division leads.) At the very least two staff reached out to Annapurna straight. “My private expertise of getting Steve as my supervisor was a poisonous and unhealthy dynamic,” this former worker wrote in a correspondence to Annapurna that was reviewed by Polygon. “I can confidently say that I don’t need my profession to be related to him.”

One other worker, in a letter to Annapurna, described it as “the worst skilled expertise [she’d] had in video games.”

D.I.C.E 2014 Awards

Co-founder of Fullbright, Steve Gaynor
Photograph: Gabe Ginsberg/FilmMagic through Getty

Different former staff spoke about how they felt the habits at Fullbright was harmful. Fullbright, with video games like Gone Dwelling and Tacoma that target feminine characters, tends to draw ladies as potential staff. It’s a studio that’s perceived to be inclusive and pleasant to teams of people that have traditionally been marginalized. It’s a studio that amplifies these voices slightly than stifling them — at the very least in the case of its video games and the tales they inform. Individuals would possibly anticipate a poisonous tradition at triple-A studios, however not at a studio like Fullbright, former staff recalled. But these allegations have been reported persistently, and, due to it, the studio has misplaced a big portion of its workers through the years, they mentioned.

Following the mass exodus of Fullbright staff in 2020 and 2021, the leads remaining on the firm have been tasked with hiring new staff. Two sources advised Polygon that they have been hesitant to rent the certified, proficient ladies who utilized for the roles out of concern of how they’d be handled by Gaynor. Former staff had seen what they perceived as a sample of younger ladies, early of their careers, being damaged down by their time underneath Gaynor at Fullbright. A number of sources advised Polygon they feared that much more promising expertise can be pushed out of the trade, just like the others.

Some former staff described themselves as “modified” following their time at Fullbright. Many have questioned their talents, describing their expertise with Gaynor as having been “gaslit,” and have sought out remedy to take care of the trauma related to improvement on Open Roads and firm tradition. Former staff in management described “intense guilt” in leaving the corporate, “leaving [the] group to fend for themselves.”

“[We] have been continuously performing as a buffer between Steve and the remainder of the group simply so they may really get any form of work achieved with out being pulled into hours of conferences the place the whole lot was nitpicked to dying or in the end reversed.”

With so few staff left at Fullbright, the state of Open Roads now seems to be challenged. In January, Gaynor advised Polygon that Open Roads was anticipated out in 2021. A number of former staff advised Polygon they consider there’s no method that can occur, noting that manufacturing timelines had been disrupted by convoluted decision-making processes and the fixed state of flux inside Fullbright’s workers. A Fullbright consultant advised Polygon that the sport won’t be out in 2021.

Though Gaynor is not a artistic lead on Open Roads, he’s nonetheless engaged on the sport as a author. He at present has no day-to-day collaboration with the remainder of the group. As a substitute, Annapurna Interactive is working as a mediator between the studio builders and Gaynor, as improvement continues with a fraction of the corporate. A number of former staff expressed concern that Gaynor was even working on this capability — that it was bizarre for a person to be writing a narrative a few mom and daughter, notably a person that has allegedly demeaned a number of feminine staff.

Regardless of the dangerous experiences that a number of former staff described to Polygon, many additionally mentioned they nonetheless felt passionate in regards to the tales Fullbright has been in a position to inform when different main studios weren’t doing so. However they typically felt conflicted given the low morale on the studio and the impact it had on builders who labored on these video games.

“It turns my abdomen to assume that he nonetheless will get to jot down these video games about ladies’s tales when that is how he treats them in actual life, with presumably no signal of stopping,” one former worker mentioned. “I would like ladies within the trade and this studio to really feel valued. I would like weak younger ladies who’re new to the trade to be supported, not preyed upon. I would like ladies to not should concern retaliation from a strong ‘auteur’ determine for talking up. I would like ladies to really feel protected right here. I would like ladies to know that this isn’t regular. Greater than something, I simply need him to cease. He shouldn’t be allowed to maintain getting away with this.”

Replace: This story has been up to date to incorporate an announcement from Steve Gaynor.


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